The Ayurvedic diet divides food into six groups or tastes: (see picture below right: from left to right and from the top) sour, bitter, salty, pungent, sweet and astringent. The healthy diet should include all six tastes, if not in one meal, then across the course of a day. If one or more tastes are missing from the diet, this will result in an imbalance of the Doshas.
Everyone has a combination of the three Doshas: Vata, Pitta and Kapha. One or two Doshas may dominate or, as in this case (see image left), they maybe balanced.
Foods that Pacify or Aggravate the Doshas
FOODS THAT PACIFY VATA
Avocados, bananas, berries, strawberries, fresh dates, figs, grapefruit, lemons, limes, oranges, grapes, apricots, mangoes, papaya, pineapple, cooked vegetables, especially asparagus, carrots, fennel, garlic, green beans, leeks, parsnip, spinach, tomatoes, butter, soft cheese, milk and most dairy produce, honey, molasses, mung beans, eggs, fish and seafood, mustard, pickles, salt, seaweed, soya sauce, vinegar, all nuts in moderation, beer and wine in moderation, sunflower seeds, all spices, cooked oats, rice, sprouted wheat bread, wheat, sesame oil, olive oil.
FOODS THAT PACIFY PITTA
Apricots, fresh dates, limes, oranges, berries and most sweet fruits, asparagus, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, celery, fennel, green beans, mushrooms, onions (cooked), parsnips, peas, sweet peppers, potatoes, cottage cheese, cow’s milk, maple syrup, black beans, chickpeas, kidney beans, lentils, mung beans, soya beans, tofu, chicken white), freshwater fish, coconut, apple juice, grape juice, soya milk, popcorn, sunflower seeds, y cinnamon, coriander, fennel, fresh ginger, mint, barley,couscous, cooked oats, pasta, basmati rice, sprouted wheat bread, sunflower oil, olive oil.
FOODS THAT PACIFY KAPHA
Apples, pears, peaches, apricots, cherries, berries, cranberries, raisins, asparagus, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrot, corn, fennel, garlic, green beans, mushrooms, onions, peas, peppers, potatoes, spinach, cooked tomatoes, most pungent and bitter vegetables, goat’s cheese and goat’s milk, eggs, honey, black beans, chickpeas, lentils, miso, soya milk, tofu (hot), chicken (white), freshwater fish, black pepper, chilli peppers, coriander leaves, horseradish, dry wine, carrot juice, cranberry juice, grape juice, popcorn, sunflower seeds, all herbs and spices such as garlic and ginger, barley, buckwheat, cereals, corn, couscous, muesli, polenta, basmati and wild rice, rye, sprouted wheat bread, corn oil, sunflower oil.
FOODS THAT AGGRAVATE VATA
Apples, cranberries, pears, most dried fruit, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, celery, mushrooms, peppers, turnips, most frozen, raw and dried vegetables, hard cheese, yogurt, chickpeas, kidney beans, brown lentils, soya beans, split peas, chicken, lamb, pork, chilli peppers, chocolate, white sugar, horseradish, carbonated drinks, coffee, icy cold drinks, popcorn, bread with yeast, buckwheat, cold, dry or puffed cereals, corn, couscous, muesli, uncooked oats, rye, wheat bran.
FOODS THAT AGGRAVATE PITTA
Bananas, grapefruit, lemons, peaches, rhubarb, strawberries and most sour fruits, garlic, tomatoes, turnips (and most pungent vegetables), salted butter, hard cheese, sour cream, yogurt, honey, molasses, miso, soya sauce, beef, salmon, sardines, tuna, lamb, pork, chocolate, ketchup, mustard, pickles, vinegar, most nuts, spirits and wine, caffeinated and carbonated drinks, many juices (carrot, cranberry, grapefruit, pineapple, tomato), sesame seeds, garlic, nutmeg, rosemary, sage, thyme, bread with yeast, buckwheat, corn, millet, dry oats, polenta, rye, corn oil, sesame oil.
FOODS THAT AGGRAVATE KAPHA
Avocados, bananas, kiwis, grapefruit, lemons, limes, oranges, pineapple (and most sweet and sour fruits), cucumber, olives, tomatoes, cheese, cow’s milk, ice-cream, sour cream, yoghurt, maple syrup, molasses, white sugar, kidney beans, soya beans, tofu (cold), beef, lamb, pork, salmon, sardines, tuna, chocolate, mayonnaise, pickles, salt, soya sauce, vinegar, most nuts, beer, spirits, sweet wine, carbonated drinks, icy cold drinks, coffee, grapefruit juice, orange juice, tomato juice, sesame seeds, bread with yeast, cooked oats, wheat, sesame oil.