Child Nutrition

DAILY NUTRITIONAL NEEDS OF CHILDREN

As a child grows, his nutritional needs change – calorie requirements increase and his diet needs to contain appropriate amounts of key nutrients. Although the amount of food a child needs to consume to meet his daily energy and nutritional needs varies according to his size, weight and level of activity, the following figures provide some general guidelines.

 

AGE CALORIES PROTEIN CALCIUM IRON
10-12 months 895 15g 525mg 8mg
1-3 years 1200 14.5g 350mg 7mg
4-6 years 1650 20mg 450mg 6mg
7-10 years 1855 28mg 550mg 9mg

 

CHILDREN AND SWEET FOODS

Child nutrition is extremely important. Getting it right is vital. Children naturally enjoy the taste of sugar and sweet foods. Although sugary foods provide calories, they are of little nutritional value and are a major cause of tooth decay. Some nutritionists believe that certain colourings used in confectionery can trigger hyperactivity (see pp.307-308), or aggressive, fidgety or tearful behaviour.

child nutritionBanning sweets and sweet foods entirely can make a child feel deprived, especially if friends are allowed to eat them. Unless a child is hyperactive, sweets as occasional treats are harmless, but they should never be used as bribes or rewards; this only increases the desire for them. From an early stage, parents should encourage their child to appreciate savoury foods and to accept that sweet foods are occasional treats.

Ice-cream and cakes make better treats than sweets, because they contain nutrients in the form of milk and grains. Milk chocolate does less harm to the teeth than other forms of confectionery; it also contains protein and some minerals, including potassium. Because milk chocolate is a stimulant, however, it should be given in moderation. Plain chocolate should be avoided, as it is generally considered too rich for children.

A sweet treat with meals is less damaging to teeth than sweet snacks eaten throughout the day. Tooth decay can be further minimized if a child is encouraged to clean his teeth after each meal.